In places where lighting is insufficient, planted plants of two varieties: shade-loving (in nature they live in the lower tier of forests and the bright sun do not like) and shade-tolerant, able to adapt to any conditions. In the shadows they themselves feel well safely.
Begin to select shade-tolerant garden plants for planting is necessary to determine the degree of shading, as well as soil conditions of the site. In addition to the level of illumination should take into account the acidity of the soil and how wet it is. If the place is swampy, then planting bulbs here is completely pointless, bulbs will begin to rot very quickly.
In the most shaded areas, as a rule, planted ornamental deciduous species. Flowering shade-tolerant plants with a lack of sunlight give a lot of green shoots, but their flowering is scarce. To revive the picture, add flowers in garden containers. They are simply transferred to the right place already in bloom and placed among the greenery, creating bright spots.
For the most problematic places, where in addition to the shade of the soil is infertile or swampy, landscape designers recommend to make gravel dumping, create a garden of stones (they are usually covered with moss in the shade). Stones overgrown with moss, ferns, large leaves of the host create a feeling of a corner of the wild nature or a mysterious place abandoned by a man.
Bulbous plants for shade
The flowering time of spring bulbs falls on the period when the trees are still bare, so they can be planted in shaded areas. For such landings approach the Galanthus (snowdrops), Muscari, Scylla, iridodictyum, ornithogallum, belozernyi. Daffodils and tulips also bloom well under the trees, especially thermophilic, which are covered with foliage later than others. In the lowlands, where the soil is too wet, bulbous do not use.
Plants for heavily shaded areas
Areas of the garden, where the sun never looks, places under the dense crowns of high deciduous trees, areas near the Northern walls of buildings, can be considered very shaded. The choice of plants is not very large. In addition to the spring bulbs you can plant these types:
Hosta (Hosta) or Funcia – herbaceous perennial plant with green or silvery-green leaves and panicles of white or purple flowers. Grows in very dense shade, growing lush clumps. High winter hardiness, there are many varieties of different heights and colors of leaves.
Hoof (Asarum) – decorative-deciduous ground cover plant forms carpet thickets in the most shaded areas of forests. The leaves are rounded, with light veins, winter under the snow in green.
Solomon's seal (Polygonatum) – shade, very hardy plant culture. Perennial herbaceous bought have large, branched rhizomes. Decorative large green leaves, small white flowers and red or blue berries.
Begonia semperflorens (Begonia semperflorens) – new varieties grow well in the shade, they are often planted under trees (the root system is superficial). This kind of begonia used to be used as a houseplant, now there are resistant to cold shade-tolerant varieties, but does not tolerate frost. Well propagated from cuttings, which are cut at the end of winter from uterine plants stored in the house.
Periwinkle (Vinca) – shade-tolerant plant, adapts to strong shading, and to the bright sun, although it prefers semi-shady places. Flowering in the shade less. Keeps green leaves under snow.
Plants for moderately shaded areas
Those parts of the garden, where the sun looks at least for one hour, are suitable for growing a variety of colors. The sparse shade under the canopy of mountain ash trees and Acacias are even useful for many types of who can not tolerate the bright sun. It grows well all kinds, suitable for highly shaded areas, bulbous, and:
Aquilegia (Aquilegia) prefers light moist soil, grows well near water bodies. Cutting off the faded flower stalks can extend the flowering.
Klobucky Aconite (Aconitum napellus) is a perennial plant that can adapt to any conditions, grows best in loamy, neutral or slightly alkaline soils.
Astilba (Astilbe) grows well on nutritious, slightly acidic soil. Inflorescences are very bright in the shade, the sun become faded. In the first year requires shelter for the winter, adult plants winter without shelter.
Aruncus (Aruncus) or Volzhanka prefers moist loamy soil. In one place can grow more than 6 years.
Badan (Bergenia) is a perennial cold-resistant plant that preserves green leaves under snow. Blooms in the spring, the flowers are pink, white, purple, purple, gathered in paniculate inflorescences.
Waller's balsam (Impatiens walleriana) – familiar to many houseplant roly wet or Light. On sale now there are many varieties with bright large flowers and low shoots. Perfectly blooms in moderately shaded areas.
Doronicum (Doronicum) or Yellow chamomile – unpretentious shade-tolerant plant. Grows well in the shade and in the sun. In the shade blooms longer bright, large yellow inflorescences.
The dicentra (dicentra) or Broken heart blooms in late spring. Large Bush with carved leaves looks decorative all spring and the first half of summer. The bleeding heart prefers moist, slightly acidic, sandy loam soil. Suffers from frost, but resumes from the rhizome.
Zhivuchka or ayuga (Ajuga) – a low ground cover plant, quite unpretentious, feels good on any garden soil. Forms a dense carpet, retains decorative throughout the growing season.
Iris (Iris) – undemanding to the soil perennial plant, prefers slightly acidic loam. Propagated by rhizomes. Many very beautiful varieties. Can grow and on the sun, and in not too dense the shadows.
Lily of the valley may (Convallaria majalis) can be grown in shady gardens, grows well on loose, slightly acidic soils. Grows quickly, planting should be limited.
Daylilies – shade-tolerant perennial plant, found in nature among the bushes on the edges of forests. Can grow in the shade, but flowering will be abundant and long in semi-shaded areas with some sunlight.
Forget-me-not (Myosotis) prefers moist, fertile soil. Can grow among grass or stones, blooms in spring with small blue or purple flowers.
Pechenocna (Hepatica), or Scilla, coppice – grows in moist, loose, forest soils. Shade-loving, spring-flowering plant.
Violet fragrant (Viola odorata) – forest ground cover plant, prefers moist, loose soil. It grows well, can be used under bushes, near fences, on the slopes.